UK Authorities Called to Act on “Blood Gold” Case
following Swiss Ruling on Argor-Heraeus Appeal
February 5, 2014 – A key ruling by the Swiss Federal Criminal Court has given momentum to a war crimes case against the Swiss gold refining giant, Argor-Heraeus SA, alleged to have laundered millions of dollars of looted gold from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The three NGOs behind the Stop Pillage Campaign, the Conflict Awareness Project, Open Society Justice Initiative, and TRIAL, call on the UK and Jersey Channel Island authorities to follow suit and swiftly investigate the two British firms which were the primary traders of the gold at issue in the case…
Human Rights Summit
December 4-5, 2013
CAP executive director Kathi Lynn Austin speaks on “How Can the U.S. Disrupt Transnational Criminal Networks that Enable Atrocities?” Austin joins US Attorney Preet Bharara, US Treasury Department/OFAC Director Adam Szubin, and Reuters Diplomatic Editor Warren Strobel.
PANEL: ”How Can the United States Disrupt the Transnational Criminal Networks that Enable Atrocities?”
Thursday, December 5, 11:45am
Perpetrators of mass atrocities rely on third parties—enablers—to supply the weapons, supplies, services, and financing necessary to terrorize populations. Some of these enablers are transnational criminal networks. This panel will discuss how these networks enable genocide and other mass atrocities, and what the international community—in particular the U.S. government—is and should be doing to disrupt them as part of broader strategy to prevent slaughter.
Register to attend this and other panels, and for more information:
REGISTER TO ATTEND SUMMIT
Swiss investigate Congo gold bought by biggest refiner
By Katrina Manson (Nairobi), James Shotter (Zurich), Jack Farchy (London)
November 4, 2013
Swiss authorities have opened a criminal investigation into one of the country’s biggest gold refiners to determine whether it committed war crimes by knowingly buying gold from a militia group in eastern Congo.
The legal proceeding is the strongest yet by Switzerland against one of the companies key to the country’s multibillion-dollar gold industry. It is the first time that anyone has attempted to deploy against a business the charge of “pillage” – to describe stealing and illegally removing natural resources in the context of war – since the aftermath of the second world war.
“The most important deterrent would be a war crime of pillage – that is what is going to make corporate actors stop doing what they’re doing,” said Kathi Austin, an investigator whose work has been taken up by Trial and who was a member of the UN team that produced the 2005 report…
Read full article (pdf)
Read full article (FT website)
War gold linked to Jersey: Island companies helped rebel ‘pillagers’ to buy arms, pressure group alleges
Thursday 7 November 2013 – Allegations of international ‘war crimes’ have been made against two Jersey registered companies amid claims that they helped fund the illegal purchase of African gold.
It is alleged that the companies, based in St. Helier, facilitated the purchase of illegally obtained gold during a conflict in eastern Congo around 10 years ago.
Following a nine-year investigation by international pressure groups the Conflict Awareness Project, the allegations were put before the Swiss Attorney General in Zurch this week which implicat3 a number of trust companies and finance houses around the world, two of which are based or have offices in Jersey. Their paperwork names the directors of those companies. The companies are not being named by the JEP for legal reasons.
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Swiss open criminal probe against metals
refiner over Congo gold from war crimes
By Associated Press, Updated: Wednesday, November 6, 7:51 AM
GENEVA — Swiss prosecutors confirmed Wednesday that a criminal investigation has been opened against one of the world’s largest processors of precious metals over allegations that it laundered gold obtained through war crimes.
Earlier this week, the Geneva-based campaign group TRIAL announced at a news conference it had filed a criminal complaint against Swiss refiner Argor-Heraeus, claiming the company processed three tons of gold ore between 2004 and 2005 that was obtained by an unlawful armed group through pillaging in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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South African company refined DRC ‘conflict gold’
By BOBBY JORDAN
17 November 2013
THE South African gold refinery that produces the world-famous Krugerrand, processed “conflict gold” from the Democratic Republic of Congo in contravention of a UN embargo. It did this for at least a year, according to an international report published last week.
But the head of Rand Refinery, based in Germiston, Gauteng, and the biggest gold refinery in the world, this week denied knowledge of any dodgy dealings.
The report, authored by the Conflict Awareness Project, was based on a nine-year investigation into “corporate war crimes” in the eastern Congo. It links several companies to “conflict gold” and has triggered criminal charges against a large Swiss refinery, Argor-Heraeus…
read full article
CAP Media Release – 5 November 2013
(Geneva, Switzerland) – The Conflict Awareness Project and its partners TRIAL and Open Society Justice Initiative welcome the decision of the Swiss Federal Prosecutor to open a criminal investigation into the activities of the Swiss refinery company Argor-Heraeus SA for laundering of looted gold and complicity in war crimes.
This decision follows the filing of a denunciation against the Swiss company, by the NGO TRIAL (Track Impunity Always) on 1 November 2013. The Swiss association against impunity along with Open Society Justice Initiative and Conflict Awareness Project welcomes the opening of the criminal investigation by the Swiss Federal Prosecutor.
“The opening of the investigation is a strong signal to corporations fueling war. Countries at war are not law-free zones and impunity is no longer ensured to those who break the law. The private sector can also be held accountable,” said Philip Grant, Director of TRIAL.
“The Conflict Awareness Project is pleased that the Swiss Prosecutor is investigating Argor for criminal charges. For far too long, Argor has claimed that it was exonerated by the United Nations for its criminal involvement in the pillage of gold from Congo, which is not the case. The forensic evidence leaves no doubt that Argor was refining gold supplied by unlawful armed groups in the DRC,” said Kathi Lynn Austin, Executive Director of the Conflict Awareness Project.
“The Swiss Federal Prosecutor’s decision appears to be the first effort to hold corporate actors accountable for pillage and related offenses since the Second World War. This case goes far beyond Switzerland to the international commodity and financial markets. Companies who choose to trade directly or indirectly with unlawful armed groups must understand that they risk prosecution for the war crime of pillage,” said Kenneth Hurwitz, Senior Legal Adviser at Open Society Justice Initiative.
The three NGOs now await the result of the investigation with trust and great interest.
Download press release (English)
Download press release (French)
Enquête contre une entreprise suisse accusée d’avoir raffiné de l’or pillé
(Investigation of a Swiss company accused of refining pillaged gold)
by Yves Steiner, Laurent Burkhalter
In this French language news segment, featuring CAP Executive Director Kathi Lynn Austin, Swiss journalists Yves Steiners and Laurent Burkhalter investigate the criminal probe into Swiss gold refiner Argor-Heraeus SA, accused of refining gold pillaged during armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Ed.
Watch the video
Interview with Kathi Lynn Austin
4 November 2013 - A coalition of NGOs are calling on European governments to take legal action against companies that are suspected of having looted gold in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The NGOs, including TRIAL, the Open Society Justice Initiative, and the Conflict Awareness Project, argue that looting gold during times of conflict is a war crime. They say a Swiss and British companies mined gold illegally during the conflict in Ituri region a decade ago.
At the time, ethnic clashes between the Hema and the Lendu degenerated into large-scale massacres. Tens of thousands died, and hundreds of thousands were forced from their homes.
Kathi Lynn Austin, a Conflict Awareness researcher, says prosecutors in Switzerland and the UK should take legal action action the alleged culprits.
Listen to the interview
Argor-Heraeus visé par une enquête pour trafic d’or
(Argor-Heraus under investigation for gold trafficking)
This French language article details the Swiss NGO TRIAL’s 1 November 2013 request for an investigation of gold refining giant Argor-Heraeus, for knowingly processing ore pillaged from a conflict zone within the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The request is based on CAP Executive Director Kathi Lynn Austin’s 9-year investigation into this blood gold pipeline. TRIAL is also investigating other companies suspected of complicity in pillage, and is launching a campaign to raise public awareness about the issue. Ed.
Read full article
Switzerland opens probe into gold refiner Argor for Congo dealings
* Attorney General opens money laundering probe
* Argor-Heraeus denies allegations
* NGO says gold went to Switzerland via Uganda
By Tom Miles and Emma Farge
Nov 4, 2013
GENEVA/DAKAR, Nov 4 (Reuters) – Switzerland said it had opened an investigation into Argor-Heraeus, one of the world’s largest gold refiners, for suspected money laundering and complicity in war crimes.
The probe follows a criminal complaint filed by Swiss NGO TRIAL on Nov. 1 which accused the refiner of processing close to three tonnes of gold sourced from an armed group in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Read full article
Swiss refiner Argor accused of laundering DRC gold
BBC News Europe
4 November 2013 Last updated at 14:08 ET
A major Swiss gold refiner is being investigated on suspicion of money laundering linked to the processing of gold allegedly looted from DR Congo.
Swiss federal prosecutors confirmed criminal proceedings against Argor-Heraeus SA, over claims it knew gold it handled in 2004 and 2005 had been taken from DR Congo during an armed conflict.
The case has been brought by the Swiss non-governmental organisation TRIAL.
Argor-Heraeus has strongly refuted all allegations in a statement.
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Swiss metals refiner accused of laundering
Tuesday Nov 5, 2013
GENEVA (AP) A Swiss nonprofit campaigning group is calling on the country’s federal prosecutor’s office to open a criminal investigation into one of the world’s largest processors of precious metals.
The organization, TRIAL, told a news conference Monday it filed a “criminal denunciation” against Swiss refinery Argor-Heraeus, based on evidence collected by a former U.N. investigator.
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Swiss Gold Refiner Accused Of Abetting Congo War Via Money Laundering
By Kerry Dolan
4 November 2012
The war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been a terrible ordeal, costing an estimated 6 million lives since 1997. Part of what funded the long conflict was gold mined illegally in the resource-rich Congo. So far the parties that have been sanctioned by the United Nations for illegal mining and exploitation of the gold have all been African.
Now the net has widened. The Swiss nonprofit TRIAL announced Monday that it was targeting a Swiss gold refinery part owned by Commerzbank and the Austrian mint for refining gold from the Congo.
Read full article
THE PILLAGE OF EASTERN CONGO GOLD:
A CASE FOR THE PROSECUTION OF CORPORATE WAR CRIMES
A new Conflict Awareness Project briefing report by Kathi Lynn Austin
4 November 2013
DOWNLOAD THE REPORT
STOP PILLAGE: Pillage is a war crime
Monday, 4 November 2013 at 2pm
Image source: Open Society Justice Initiative
Based on years of investigative work by CAP Executive Director Kathi Lynn Austin, the Swiss NGO TRIAL filed a criminal denunciation against the Swiss company Argor-Heraeus SA which is suspected of laundering looted gold in the context of the armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
During the conflict in the DRC, the illegal exploitation of natural resources was used largely to finance armed groups. Not only did pillage incite war, it supplied warring parties with the necessary funds to continue brutal hostilities and to commit major human rights violations.
- Bénédict De Moerloose, Legal Adviser, Attorney-at-Law; TRIAL
- Philip Grant, Director, Attorney-at-Law; TRIAL
- Kathi Lynn Austin, Executive Director, Conflict Awareness Project
- Kenneth Hurwitz, Senior Legal Officer, Anti-Corruption Unit; Open Society Justice Initiative
VENUE: Ecole Hôtelière de Genève – Restaurant Vieux-Bois
Avenue de la Paix 12
Will the Arms Trade Treaty Stop the Next Viktor Bout?
Per la Pau / Peace in Progress, Issue 16, 2013
by Kathi Lynn Austin
executive director, Conflict Awareness Project
For law enforcement officials, UN arms experts, and arms trafficking investigators like myself, the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) held out high hopes for a new international tool that would make it harder for illegal gunrunners to ply their deadly business. But will the adoption of the ATT this past April impede the trafficking kingpins who hope to fill Viktor Bout’s shoes?…
Read full article
US Attorney’s Office media release (25 May 2013):
Manhattan U.S. Attorney Announces Extradition of Richard Chichakli
On Money Laundering, Wire Fraud, And Conspiracy Charges
Defendant Was a Co-Conspirator of Convicted International Arms Dealer Viktor Bout
Read US Attorney’s Office media release
Pictured (left to right): ‘Guns’ Director Minos Papas, stars Ishmael Beah and Kathi Lynn Austin, and producer Louis Belanger celebrate at a Control Arms reception during the 2013 Tribeca Film Festival.
‘A Short Film about Guns’ Wins at Tribeca April 25, 2013 (New York) - Tribeca Online Festival Best Short Film is ‘A Short Film About Guns’ – an evocative examination of the illegal arms trade, starring Conflict Awareness Project founder Kathi Lynn Austin, former child soldier Ishmael Beah, war photographer Paul Conroy, and Rear Admiral (ret.) Stuart Platt; A Control Arms/Cyprian Films Production; Directed by Minos Papas, produced by Louis Belanger.
2013 Tribeca Film Fest winners